Metadata Standards

Data Value Standards (Controlled Vocabularies)

Getty Research Institute, Getty Vocabularies
Art & Architecture Thesaurus Online
http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabularies/aat/index.html

Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names Online
http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabularies/tgn/index.html

Cultural Objects Name Authority Online
http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabularies/cona/index.html

Union List of Artist Names Online
http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabularies/ulan/index.html

Library of Congress Resources

Library of Congress Name and Subject Authorities
http://authorities.loc.gov/

Thesaurus for Graphic Materials
http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/tgm/

LC Linked Data Service: Authorities and Vocabularies (Includes Name, Subject, Genre and TGM)
http://id.loc.gov/

GNIS and GeoNET (To find geographic names that are not already in the authority file):
http://www.loc.gov/catdir/cpso/geogname.html

Virtual Internet Authority File (VIAF)
Implemented and hosted by OCLC, it is a joint project of several national libraries plus selected regional and trans-national library agencies. The project’s goal is to lower the cost and increase the utility of library authority files by matching and linking widely-used authority files and making that information available on the Web.
http://viaf.org/

British Museum Object Names Thesaurus
http://www.collectionstrust.org.uk/assets/thesaurus_bmon/Objintro.htm

Rare Books and Manuscripts section: RBMS Vocabularies http://www.rbms.info/committees/bibliographic_standards/controlled_vocabularies/index.shtml

Data Content Standards (Cataloging Rules and Syntax)

Cataloging Cultural Objects
http://cco.vrafoundation.org/

Cataloging Graphic Materials: Rules for Describing Original Items and Historical Collections. Originally compiled by Elizabeth Betz in 1982.
http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/gm/graphmat.html

Anglo American Cataloging Rules, 2nd ed.  (AACR2)
Note: Effective April 1, 2013, online access to AACR2 will be exclusive to RDA Toolkit
http://www.aacr2.org/access.html

Resource Description and Access. RDA Toolkit
http://www.rdatoolkit.org/

Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR)
http://www.ifla.org/publications/functional-requirements-for-bibliographic-records

What is FRBR? (Article by Barbara Tillet, 2003)
http://www.loc.gov/cds/downloads/FRBR.PDF

International Bibliographic Standards (ISBD)
Rules for descriptions of bibliographic resources in catalogs.
http://www.ifla.org/publications/international-standard-bibliographic-description

Describing Archives: A Content Standard (DACS)
http://www.archivists.org/governance/standards/dacs.asp

CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model (CRM)
Provides definitions and a formal structure for describing the implicit and explicit concepts and relationships used in cultural heritage documentation.
http://www.cidoc-crm.org/comprehensive_intro.html

Data Structure Standards (Field and Record Structure)

Dublin Core
http://dublincore.org/documents/dcmi-terms/

VRA Core
http://www.loc.gov/standards/vracore/

CDWA (Categories for the Description of Works of Art)
http://www.getty.edu/research/publications/electronic_publications/cdwa/

ArcheaoCore
Under development
Cataloging in the Cloud: Shared Shelf and ArchaeoCore, Visual Resources Bulletin, 2012)
http://online.vraweb.org/vrab/vol39/iss2/2/

Darwin Core
Extended from Dublin Core for the exchange of biodiversity information.
http://www.tdwg.org/standards/450/

PBCore
A metadata standard for audiovisual media developed by the public broadcasting community.
http://pbcore.org/index.php

Data Communication Standards (Transmission and Record Interchange)

MARC
http://www.loc.gov/marc/

Open Archives Initiative
The Open Archives Initiative develops and promotes interoperability standards that aim to facilitate the efficient dissemination of content (via data harvesting).
http://www.openarchives.org/

LIDO
LIDO is an XML harvesting schema promoted by CIDOC and used with museum data.
http://network.icom.museum/cidoc/working-groups/data-harvesting-and-interchange/what-is-lido/

Metadata Schemas in XML

VRA Core 4.0 XML
http://www.loc.gov/standards/vracore/

Simple and Qualified Dublin Core (DC) XML
http://dublincore.org/schemas/xmls/

CDWA Lite
The XML markup for use with CDWA
http://www.getty.edu/research/publications/electronic_publications/cdwa/cdwalite.html

MODS (Metadata Object Description Schema)
XML markup for selected metadata from existing MARC 21 records as well as original resource description.
http://www.loc.gov/standards/mods/

MADS (Metadata Authority Description Standard)
http://www.loc.gov/standards/mads/

EAD (Encoded Archival Description)
XML markup designed for encoding finding aids
http://www.loc.gov/ead/

METS (Metadata Encoding & Transmission Standard)
Structure for encoding descriptive, administrative, and structural metadata
http://www.loc.gov/standards/mets/

PBCore XML
http://pbcore.org/schema

Other Digital Library Standards (for technical and administrative metadata)

MIX (NISO Metadata for Images in XML)
XML schema for encoding technical data elements required to manage digital image collections
http://www.loc.gov/standards/mix/

PREMIS (Preservation Metadata)
A data dictionary and supporting XML schemas for core preservation metadata needed to support the long-term preservation of digital materials.
http://www.loc.gov/standards/premis/

AudioMD and VideoMD
XML Schemas that detail technical metadata for audio- and video-based digital objects.
http://www.loc.gov/standards/amdvmd/

Zoe Waldron, updated 02/20/2013